EU set to loosen its Belt
01 December 2021
Bloc’s Global Gateway plan to invest €300bn in global infrastructure projects
The European Union (EU) has announced a multi-billion-euro plan to support construction and climate projects, in what is being seen as an alternative to China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
The Global Gateway plan, to be published this week, will reveal a €300 billion investment fund, to be rolled out between now and 2027.
The European Commission (EC) said the plan “will focus on physical infrastructure – such as fibre optic cables, clean transport corridors, clean power transmission lines - to strengthen digital, transport and energy networks.”
Ahead of the plan’s publication, the EC said “The EU will offer its financing under fair and favourable terms in order to limit the risk of debt distress.”
The money to support the plan is expected to come from the governments of member states, the EU’s financial institutions, development banks and the private sector.
“Without proper transparency, good governance and high standards,” said the Commission, “projects can be badly chosen or designed, left incomplete or be used to fuel corruption. This not only stunts growth and deprives local communities but it ultimately creates dependencies, which can limit countries’ ability to make decisions.”
In a preview document to the Global Gateway, the Commission stressed that it would invest in countries in a way that would not engender dependence. Calling the plan “democratic” the EC stressed that it aims “to forge links and not create dependencies”.
Instead, it said, it aims to strengthen Europe’s supply chains, the weakness of which have been exposed in recent months.
While the EU’s preview makes no mention of China, Michael Clauss, Germany’s ambassador to the EU, said, “Global Gateway has the potential to turn the EU into a more effective geopolitical player. For many partner countries, the offer of a rules-and values-based cooperation at eye level will be an attractive alternative to the Chinese Belt and Road initiative.”